A report by the European Union observers on the conduct of the 2019 general elections has offered fresh insight into how violence was freely perpetrated by armed thugs in Kano and other states during the March 23 supplementary elections.
In particular, the report titled “European Union Election Observation Mission Nigeria 2019
Final Report”, describes how foreign observers were prevented from effectively accessing Dala and Nasarawa local government areas during the rerun polls as a result of widespread violence.
The document, released on Saturday, said despite the intimidation of voters by armed thugs and party agents, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) failed to comment on the security problems, while the police failed to arrest those who were seen openly carrying dangerous weapons at polling units.
“On 23 March, extensive electoral security problems were observed, particularly in parts of Kano where polling became inaccessible to EU observers in some areas. The environment was intimidating and not conducive to voters’ free participation in the election.
“Party leaderships locally and centrally did not appear to take any steps to rein in supporters and prevent evident violence,intimidation or other misconduct. Throughout the day, INEC did not comment on electoral disturbances, despite its overall responsibility for the election and security arrangements.
“In Nasarawa LGA in Kano, which accounted for approximately one-third of all registered voters for the supplementary governorship election, EU observers witnessed organised intimidation of voters. For example, groups of youths with clubs and machetes patrolled the streets, and people with party agent tags harassed voters,” the report said.
“During collation in Kano, EU observers saw that several INEC polling staff had been attacked. Large groups of men with weapons were not contained by the police.
“Due to intimidating crowds and disturbances, EU observers in Kano could not access or continue observation in polling units in Dala and Nasarawa LGAs. The electoral process in Kano was further compromised by the harassment and obstruction of citizen observers, and journalists from BBCHausa,Freedom FM, NTA and TVC. This compromised scrutiny of both polling and collation of results in the affected areas,” it added.
The report also observed that though collation process was finalised in Bauchi, Benue, Plateau and Sokoto within 24 hours, “but in Kano it was suspended for several hours due to concerns over the safety of lower-level collation staff. For security reasons, collation of results in two of 29 LGAs in Kano had to be undertaken at the state collation centre.”
According to the report, other states such as Bauchi, Plateau, Sokoto and Benue also witnessed disturbing incident of violence during the supplementary polls.
“Isolated violent incidents also disrupted voting and counting in other states. In Bauchi, EU observers witnessed around 50 people with clubs disrupting counting in one polling unit.In Benue, election materials were burnt, resulting in the cancellation of polling affecting 13,000 registered voters, and a collation officer carrying result sheets was shot in the leg.
“Party agents were seen to interfere more in the process than on the previous two election days. Some polling units in Kano were dominated by controlling party agents and supporters. Of the 40 polling units that EU teams could fully observe, agents were present in all and in five cases were seen interfering in the work of polling officials, in Benue, Plateau and Sokoto.
“EU observers in all five states also saw party agents trying to influence voters, assisting voters or voting on their behalf. Supporters and agents were sometimes present in polling units in excessive numbers, resulting in overcrowding. EU observers also saw vote-buying in Sokoto by both the leading parties, and indications of vote-buying in Kano.Citizen observers also reported party agents involved in vote-buying, and bribery of polling staff and police.
“INEC improved logistical arrangements with most polling units observed open within half an hour of the official opening time. In the 40 polling units that EU teams could fully observe, procedures were mostly followed. Smart card readers were used to accredit voters in all polling units observed.However, manual accreditation procedures were not always correctly followed if card readers failed to authenticate fingerprints. The secrecy of the vote was not always sufficiently protected in nearly one-third of polling units observed.
“EU observers visited 12 collation centres and observed party agents present in all. EU observers noted that overall collation procedures were followed and the process was generally transparent,” the report added.